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25. Provisions for liabilities and charges

US$ million Environmental
restoration(1)
Decommi-
ssioning(1)
Other Total
At 1 January 2008 675 256 293 1,224
Acquired through business combinations 13 3 94 110
Disposal of businesses (1) (1)
Charged to the income statement 134 10 92 236
Capitalised 11 119 130
Reclassifications 4 3 17 24
Unwinding of discount 19 14 33
Amounts applied (12) (33) (45)
Currency movements (132) (56) (38) (226)
At 31 December 2008 700 241 544 1,485

Maturity analysis of total provisions:

US$ million 2008 2007
Current 168 142
Non-current 1,317 1,082
  1,485 1,224
(1)
The Group makes voluntary contributions to controlled funds to meet the cost of some of its decommissioning, restoration and environmental rehabilitation liabilities (see note 15).

Environmental restoration

The Group has an obligation to undertake restoration, rehabilitation and environmental work when environmental disturbance is caused by the development or ongoing production of a mining property. A provision is recognised for the present value of such costs. It is anticipated that these costs will be incurred over a period in excess of 20 years.

Decommissioning

Provision is made for the present value of costs relating to the decommissioning of plant or other site restoration work. It is anticipated that these costs will be incurred over a period in excess of 20 years.

Other

Other provisions primarily relate to cash settled share-based payments, indemnities, warranties and legal claims. It is anticipated that these costs will be incurred over five year period.

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