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Ferrous Metals

The new jig plant at Kumba Iron Ore’s Sishen mine in South Africa’s Northern Cape. The plant attained output of 4.7 million tonnes of iron ore in 2008

Business overview

Anglo Ferrous Metals’ primary business is iron ore. It holds a 63% shareholding in Kumba Iron Ore in South Africa, and in Brazil an effective 99.4% interest in the Minas-Rio iron ore project, a 49% interest in LLX Minas Rio, which owns the port of Açu (currently under construction) from which iron ore from the Minas-Rio project will be exported, and an effective 69.2% interest in the Amapá iron ore system. Other interests principally comprise Samancor Manganese (manganese ore and alloy mining) and Scaw Metals (carbon steel iron ore products).

Johannesburg stock exchange (JSE) listed Kumba currently operates two mines in South Africa – Sishen in the Northern Cape, which achieved output in 2008 of 34 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) inclusive of 4.7 Mtpa from the Sishen jig plant (Sishen expansion), and Thabazimbi, in Limpopo, which produced 2.7 Mtpa. In 2008, Kumba exported more than 75% of its total iron ore sales volumes, mostly to customers in Asia and Europe.

Planned annual capacity of the Minas-Rio iron ore project will be 26.5 Mtpa of iron ore pellet feed, with start-up expected in the second quarter of 2012 at an anticipated cost of $3.6 billion. Amapá, located in Amapá state in northern Brazil, produces both pellet feed and sinter feed, with an annual capacity of 6.5 Mtpa. During the year it produced 1.2 Mt as it continues to ramp up production to its design capacity.

Anglo Ferrous Metals also holds a 40% shareholding in Samancor Manganese, the world’s largest integrated producer, by sales, of manganese ore and alloys. BHP Billiton holds 60% and has management control. Samancor has operations in South Africa and Australia and is a vertically integrated manganese ore and alloys producer.

Scaw Metals is a global group that manufactures a diverse range of steel products. With principal operations in southern Africa, Chile, Peru, Canada and Mexico, it produces rolled steel products, steel and iron castings, cast alloy iron, forged steel grinding media as well as steel chain, wire rope and strand products. Scaw’s products serve the construction, railway, power generation, mining, cement, marine and offshore oil industries worldwide. In June, Scaw Metals acquired Ozz Industries (Proprietary) Limited in South Africa. The acquisition will expand Scaw’s product range and increase manufacturing capacity of certain of Scaw’s existing product lines.

Anglo Ferrous Metals has a 37.1% voting interest in JSE-listed Tongaat-Hulett, an agri-processing business which includes integrated components of land management, agriculture and property development. Through its sugar and starch operations in southern Africa, Tongaat-Hulett produces a range of refined carbohydrate products from sugar cane and maize. The company balances the operational requirement for cane supplies to its sugar operations with the transition to property development.

Hulamin, in which Anglo Ferrous Metals has a 38.4% voting interest, is Africa’s largest producer of aluminium rolled, extruded and other semi-fabricated and finished products, with its main operations situated in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. As an independent niche producer of technically demanding and higher value products, Hulamin supplies customers spread among all the major aluminium consuming regions of the world.

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Operating profit

2008 $2,935m 2007: $1,432m


2008 $3,064m 2007: $1,561m
  • Highest ever iron ore production in 2008 of 37.4 Mtpa
  • Anglo Ferrous Brazil and Kumba expansions to lift Group iron ore production to 150 Mtpa by 2017